# EsCo 0.511 (Brainfuck)

Version of implementation EsCo (Brainfuck) of programming language Brainfuck

## Examples:

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (11):

There are lots of ways to say “Hello, World!” in Brainfuck. Here is the simplest one: use only one memory cell, and change its value to ASCII-code of each letter in row. Each line of the example prints one letter.

``````++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.
+++++++.
.
+++.
-------------------------------------------------------------------.
------------.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.
++++++++++++++++++++++++.
+++.
------.
--------.
-------------------------------------------------------------------.
``````

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (12):

In this example we use three memory cells — first for uppercase letters ‘H’ and ‘W’, second for lowercase letters and third for special characters ‘,’, ‘ ‘ and ‘!’ — and three index cells to shorten the notation of ASCII-codes changes. The memory used looks like this:

`(index cell 1) (uppercase letters cell) (index cell 2) (lowercase letters cell) (index cell 3) (special characters cell)`

``````++++++[>++++++++++++<-]>.
>++++++++++[>++++++++++<-]>+.
+++++++.
.
+++.
>++++[>+++++++++++<-]>.
<+++[>----<-]>.
<<<<<+++[>+++++<-]>.
>>.
+++.
------.
--------.
>>+.
``````

### Fibonacci numbers - Brainfuck (14):

This example uses iterative definition of Fibonacci numbers. A high-level description of what it does is: store two last numbers in variables c4 and c5 (initially c4=0, c5=1), print the number stored in c5 (this operation takes the major part of the code), calculate next number (c6 = c5+c4), and move the numbers sequence one number back (c4 = c5, c5 = c6). A low-level description is given in the comments, notation “cXvY” meaning that after execution of the commands in the line the data pointer is at cell X, and the value at this cell is Y. A total of 12 memory cells is used.

This example uses one minor cheat: classic Brainfuck interpreter uses byte variables to store values of memory cells, so Fibonacci numbers 14 through 16 will cause overflow. Writing long arithmetics in Brainfuck is a bit of overkill, so in this example we assume that memory cells can store integer values.

``````++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++		c1v44 : ASCII code of comma
>++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++			c2v32 : ASCII code of space
>++++++++++++++++					c3v11 : quantity of numbers to be calculated
>							c4v0  : zeroth Fibonacci number (will not be printed)
>+							c5v1  : first Fibonacci number
<<							c3    : loop counter
[							block : loop to print (i)th number and calculate next one
>>							c5    : the number to be printed

block : divide c5 by 10 (preserve c5)
>							c6v0  : service zero
>++++++++++						c7v10 : divisor
<<							c5    : back to dividend
[->+>-[>+>>]>[+[-<+>]>+>>]<<<<<<]			c5v0  : divmod algo; results in 0 n d_n%d n%d n/d
>[<+>-]							c5    : move dividend back to c5 and clear c6
>[-]							c7v0  : clear c7

>>							block : c9 can have two digits; divide it by ten again
>++++++++++						c10v10: divisor
<							c9    : back to dividend
[->-[>+>>]>[+[-<+>]>+>>]<<<<<]				c9v0  : another divmod algo; results in 0 d_n%d n%d n/d
>[-]							c10v0 : clear c10
>>[++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]]c12v0 : print nonzero n/d (first digit) and clear c12
<[++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]] c11v0 : print nonzero n%d (second digit) and clear c11

<<<++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]	c8v0  : print any n%d (last digit) and clear c8
<<<<<<<.>.                                              c1c2  : print comma and space
block : actually calculate next Fibonacci in c6
>>[>>+<<-]						c4v0  : move c4 to c6 (don't need to preserve it)
>[>+<<+>-]						c5v0  : move c5 to c6 and c4 (need to preserve it)
>[<+>-]							c6v0  : move c6 with sum to c5
<<<-							c3    : decrement loop counter
]
<<++...							c1    : output three dots
``````

### Factorial - Brainfuck (18):

This example uses iterative definition of factorial. Last calculated factorial is stored in variable c6 and on each step it is multiplied by next number (stored in c5). A low-level description is given in the comments, notation “cXvY” meaning that after execution of the commands in the line the data pointer is at cell X, and the value at this cell is Y. A total of 13 memory cells is used.

This example uses one minor cheat: classic Brainfuck interpreter uses `byte` variables to store values of memory cells, so 6! and further will cause overflow. Writing long arithmetics in Brainfuck is a bit of overkill, so in this example we assume that memory cells can store `integer` values. Besides, factorial length grows fast along with execution time of Brainfuck program, so the above code is limited to calculating and printing first 7 factorials.

``````+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++			c1v33 : ASCII code of !
>++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++				c2v61 : ASCII code of =
>++++++++++						c3v10 : ASCII code of EOL
>+++++++						c4v7  : quantity of numbers to be calculated
>							c5v0  : current number (one digit)
>+							c6v1  : current value of factorial (up to three digits)
<<							c4    : loop counter
[							block : loop to print one line and calculate next
>++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.	c5    : print current number
------------------------------------------------	c5    : back from ASCII to number
<<<<.-.>.<.+						c1    : print !_=_

>>>>>							block : print c6 (preserve it)
>							c7v0  : service zero
>++++++++++						c8v10 : divizor
<<							c6    : back to dividend
[->+>-[>+>>]>[+[-<+>]>+>>]<<<<<<]			c6v0  : divmod algo borrowed from esolangs; results in 0 n d_n%d n%d n/d
>[<+>-]							c6    : move dividend back to c6 and clear c7
>[-]							c8v0  : clear c8

>>							block : c10 can have two digits; divide it by ten again
>++++++++++						c11v10: divizor
<							c10   : back to dividend
[->-[>+>>]>[+[-<+>]>+>>]<<<<<]				c10v0 : another divmod algo borrowed from esolangs; results in 0 d_n%d n%d n/d
>[-]							c11v0 : clear c11
>>[++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]]c13v0 : print nonzero n/d (first digit) and clear c13
<[++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]] c12v0 : print nonzero n%d (second digit) and clear c12
<<<++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.[-]	c9v0  : print any n%d (last digit) and clear c9

<<<<<<.							c3    : EOL
>>+							c5    : increment current number
block : multiply c6 by c5 (don't preserve c6)
>[>>+<<-]						c6v0  : move c6 to c8
>>							c8v0  : repeat c8 times
[
<<<[>+>+<<-]						c5v0  : move c5 to c6 and c7
>>[<<+>>-]						c7v0  : move c7 back to c5
>-
]
<<<<-							c4    : decrement loop counter
]
``````

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (27):

This example is Ook! translation of second Brainfuck example.

``````Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook?
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook?
Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook? Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook. Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook!
Ook. Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook?
Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook?
Ook! Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook.
Ook? Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook? Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook! Ook.
Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook!
Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook. Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook!
Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook! Ook. Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook? Ook. Ook. Ook! Ook.
``````

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (36):

This example is Spoon translation of second Brainfuck example. Note that the intended way of coding in Spoon allows writing commands without delimiters, but current version of EsCo requires that commands are space-separated.

``````1111110010001011111111111101100000110100010100101111111111001000101111111111011000001101
0100101011111110010100010101110010100101111001000101111111111101100000110100010100111110
0100010000000000000011000001101000101001101101101101111100100010111110110000011010001010
0100100010101110010100000000000000000000010100000000000000000000000000010100100101001010
``````

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (306):

Example for dialect Boolfuck.

``````H ;;;+;+;;+;+;
e +;+;+;+;;+;;+;
l ;;+;;+;+;;+;
l ;;+;;+;+;;+;
o +;;;;+;+;;+;
comma ;;+;;+;+;+;;
space ;;;;;+;+;;
W +;;;+;+;+;+;+;
o +;;;;+;+;;+;
r ;+;+;;+;;;+;
l ;;+;;+;+;;+;
d ;;+;+;;+;;+;
! +;+;;;;+;+;;
\n ;+;+;+;
``````

### Hello, World! - Brainfuck (308):

This example is written in pbrain. First line defines a procedure identified with 0 which copies the contents of previous cell to the current one and adds 10 to it. Second line fills first 14 cells with values 0..130 with step 10. Finally, the values of some cells are modified to represent ASCII-codes of required characters.

``````(++++++++++<[>+>+<<-]>>[<<+>>-])
>::::::::::::::
<<<<<<<--------.>>>---------.+++++++..>---------.<<<<<<
<------.<--------.>>>>>---.>>>.+++.<.--------.<<<<<<<+.
``````