Quadratic equation in Groovy, Java

Example for versions Groovy 1.7, Sun Java 6, gcj 3.4.5

Java doesn’t provide complex numbers, so the calculations are done in real numbers with separate check for discriminant sign. This implementation allows to solve quadratic equations not only with integer coefficients but also with floating-point ones.

The coefficients are read from stream System.in, which allows only individual bytes to be read directly, so two wrapper classes InputStreamReader and BufferedReader are used to make reading more comfortable. The strings read from System.in are converted into double values using parseDouble method of class Double. In Java all input operations must be wrapped in try ... catch blocks to handle IOException — class of exceptions which are thrown by reading routines.

import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;

public class Quadratic {
    static String print(double real, double imag)
    {   if (Math.abs(imag)<1E-6)
            return ""+real;
            return "("+real+","+imag+")";
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {   double A,B,C,D;
      try {
        BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
        System.out.print("A = ");
        A = Double.parseDouble(br.readLine());
        if (Math.abs(A)<1E-3)
        {   System.out.println("Not a quadratic equation.");
        System.out.print("B = ");
        B = Double.parseDouble(br.readLine());
        System.out.print("C = ");
        C = Double.parseDouble(br.readLine());
      catch (Exception e) {
        System.err.println("An error occured while reading input parameters.");
        A = 2*A;
        D = B*B-2*A*C;
        if (Math.abs(D)<1E-3)
        {   System.out.println("x = "+(-B/A));
        if (D>0)
            System.out.println("x1 = "+print((-B+Math.sqrt(D))/A, 0)+"\nx2 = "+print((-B-Math.sqrt(D))/A, 0));
            System.out.println("x1 = "+print(-B/A,Math.sqrt(-D)/A)+"\nx2 = "+print(-B/A,-Math.sqrt(-D)/A));